Vibrational eigenmodes of an isotropic sphere

This page enables you to calculate the vibrational eigenmodes of a free homogeneous isotropic sphere. Two other pages can be used for multilayer spheres and matrix-embedded multilayer spheres.

Disclaimer: use at your own risk.


The results section is updated each time a parameter is modified.

Material , ,
Mode , n=





Reduced frequencies:

With a more recent web browser you would see a plot of the deformation of the sphere here.


The calculation is carried out by your web browser (javascript) each time a parameter is changed or you click for a different overtone. The required parameters are the longitudinal (vL) and transverse (vT) sound speeds and the diameter of the sphere. You also have to choose the symmetry of the vibration (spheroidal or torsional) the angular momentum (ℓ) and the overtone index (n).

The displacement corresponding to the vibration is also displayed using the <canvas> element for m=0. Only the displacement of the points of the sphere in the x=0 plane are represented. The displacement for the other points are obtained by rotation around the vertical (z) axis. The equilibrium position is represented by a filled circle. For the spheroidal modes, the displacements are inside the plan of the figure. For the torsional modes, the displacement are perpendicular to the figure. They are represented by arcs starting at the equilibrium position and terminated by a disk at the displaced position. The colors for the points moving before or behind the x=0 plan are different. The length of the lines and the diameter of the disks are proportional to the normalized displacement.